There is, however, a lacuna in antarctic nomencla-

ture which slowly forced itself to my notice while

attempting to unravel somewhat the tangled antl im-

perfect records of south polar exploration, and that

is that there is no generic name, either for the lands

south of Australia or for the lands south of South

America. For the name “Antarctic Continent” given

by Wilkes when he, first of all men, became aware

that there was a continent in the neighborhood of the

South Pole, must be held to include the lands south of

South America, as well as those south of Australia :

and moreover the name “Antarctic Continent” is

rapidly becoming superseded, as a generic term, by

the shorter “Antarctica.” The want of a name for the

lands south of South America, however, is especially

troublesome, for all the names at present in use”

South Shetland, Louis Philippe Land, Palmer Land,

Foyn Land, Graham Land, Alexander Land” are

Strictly local. It is necessary, therefore, to find

some term in place of the cumbersome phrases “the

lands south of Australia” and “the lands south of

South America” and taking North America and

South America as models, it seems as if ” East Ant-

arctica ” and “West Antarctica” answered the neces-

sity satisfactorily. It remains to be seen whether

other geographers will see fit to adopt these terms,

but they will be used in this monograph for the sake

of convenience, brevity and clearness.’

Balch, Edwin Swift “Antarctica”, 1902



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